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The ruck sack carry is one of the most simple back carries with a woven wrap and it is a great back carry to start from. It is quite comfortable with a young baby and even with a toddler this carry is useful when you need to get the child on your back quickly. With a heavy toddler and for longer carrying sessions we recommend one of the back carries with more than one layer of fabric over the child.
It is possible to carry even a newborn on the back and in many cultures this is quite common way to carry babies. We do however recommend to use one of the front carries, if you are not experienced wrapper and your baby is under 5 months.
Carrying on the back has many advantages: the baby is not blocking your sight and you can move and action more freely. Usually it is more comfortable to carry a heavy child on your back than on front. Also the baby will appreciate the back carry because she can see better around her - specially if you carry the baby high on your back. The downside of the back carry is that you can not see the baby and you can't monitor her as well as in the front carry. On the other hand parents quickly learn to know what is going on on the back without the visual contact :)
You can use a size 3,6m wrap for this carry, if you are M/L size and for the larger parents usually the size 4,2m is long enough.
1. It is possible to get the baby to your back in several different ways. Here is one handy method: you can get both the baby and wrap to your back at the same time.
Spread the middle part of the wrap over the baby's back and place the child in front of you - sitting or standing. Grap firmly the baby's upper arms. Hold at the same time from the wrap.
2. Lift the baby up and take her over your shoulder to your back.
3. Place the baby high up on your back. Many parents feel most comfortable when the baby is very high on the back and it is also beneficial for the child since she can easily see around her and even over your shoulder to front.
Some parents like to carry the baby lower. You can try what works best for you.
4. Bend forward so that the baby will stay on your back. When you have a firm hold of both wrap endings you don't need to hold the baby's arms anymore.
5. Keep the other wrap tail tight between your knees. Bring the other wrap tail over your shoulder.
6. Tighten the upper rail and the lower rail. The wrap should be tight enough to keep the baby firmly against your back. If the upper rail remains too loose, the baby will stay too far away from you and it feels floppy. Carrying feels uncomfortable. So tighten well!
7. Move the tightened wrap ending between your knees and keep it tight. Now bring the other wrap tail over your other shoulder and do the same tightenings.
8. Make sure that the baby is in the proper frog leg position and that there is plenty of wrap fabric under the baby's bottom. The lower rail of the wrap should go from knee to knee. You can even tuff some fabric between you and the baby so that the wrap will stay in place.
9. Hold the other wrap ending..
..and bring it under your arm and over baby's leg.
10. Then bring the tail ending under baby's other leg and back to your front. Put the tail tightly between your knees.
11. Do the same with the other wrap tail.
12. The wrap tails are crossed under baby's bottom.
13. Hold both wrap endings. You can straighten your back now. Make a double knot to your front.
14. The baby is now firmly and safely on your back! While carrying check every now and then that the lower rail of the wrap stays properly under baby's bottom. If the wrap starts to slip from under baby's bottom, you will have to fix the wrap. When you place the crossed wrap endings tightly on top of the bottom rail of the wrap, it will stay better in place.
There are several variation of this carry that will make it more sturdy. For example you can spread the crossed wrap parts over the baby's bottom and lower back for more support.